Types of Sewer Utilities
Water and sewer utilities are a major need for all industrial, commercial and residential households in a given area. Water utilities majorly provide potable water to use in industrial, commercial and residential areas for cleaning, washing, drinking, cooking and supporting other needs that need water. Waste water generated from the various premises in an area is collected in the sewer utilities where it is carried to a common place for processing or disposal. Pipes for facilitating service delivery in water and sewer utilities usually run together as they both serve the same region although some sewer utilities run underground. The water pipes are required to be above the sewer pipes to avoid contamination of the potable water in case there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water carried in sewer utilities is taken to a common place for disposal or treatment to make it safe for disposing into the environment. All waste water from all premises in an area is carried in those sewer utilities as long as it is connected. There are places which make the sewer utilities to accommodate both the sewage and storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Sewage water and storm water can also be carried in two separate sewer utilities as they may be designed in an area. With the two systems, sewage and storm water can be managed differently as they have different wastes and can be put into different use when recycled. In a treatment plant where wastewater is taken, the organic nod inorganic pollutants are removed making the water safe for disposal into the environment. Sewer and water utility services are run by one company hence user pay for both services as one to the company. The payments collected are used in the maintenance of the sewer utilities.
There are also some area that are not connected to the municipal sewer utilities hence they use the septic tanks. Septic tanks are either made of concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. The septic tanks are common in residential areas mainly for a single home where the users are few. Also, septic tanks can be able to treat the wastewater by the use of microorganism present inside. Use of septic tanks requires that one takes some precautionary measure to ensure that it runs smoothly. These include reducing the amount of oil disposed as well as preventing release of harmful chemicals that are likely to kill microorganisms or destroy the septic tank. Septic tanks should be placed beneath the ground and they should be made in a way that they do not leak r release odors into the environment. Septic tanks are also required to be located at least 5 feet from the house in most areas.